List of Tables
Notes on the Contributors

Abdel Ghaffar M. Ahmed and Wilfred Mlay 

Sustainable Development in Africa in the 1990s and Beyond: Meeting the Challenge
Sadig Rasheed 

Population Dynamics and the Environment
Wilfred Mlay 

Adjustment Programmes and the Environment in Sub-Saharan Africa: Some Exploratory Results
Ali Abdel Gadir Ali 

The Response of Non-Governmental Organization to the Ecological Crisis in the South with Special Reference to Eastern Africa
M. A. Mohamed Salih 

Poverty Alleviation and Food Security in Tanzania: An Environmental Perspective
S. M. Kapunda 

Drought and Famine in Eastern Sudan The Socio-Cultural Dimension
ldris Salim EI Hassan 

Soil Erosion and Conservation Techniques for Sustainable Crop Production in Zimbabwe
F. Tagwira 

The Promotion of Small Farms in Swaziland: A Sound Agrarian Policy, Friendly to the Environment
S. N. A. Mensah 

The Impact of Agricultural Technology on Sustainable Land Resource Utilization in Africa: The Case of Semi-Arid Tanzania
William Rugumamu 

Sustainability of Forests in Kenya: Emerging Issues
Mary Omosa 

Agricultural Extension Policy in Malawi: Past Experiences and Future Directions
M. A. Nambote 

The Impact of the 1991/92 Drought in Zambia
Gear M. Kajoba 

Restoring the Land: Environment and Change in a Non-Racial, Democratic South Africa
Dominic Milazi 


Press Ltd. Compilation of papers selected from those presented at OSSREA's forth-triennial congress, held under the theme of the linkages between development and environmental sustainability. After an introductory chapter that highlights general issues related to the link between the environment and development in Africa, the first three chapters address environment-development interrelationships at a macro level, notably major socio-economic trends seen in Africa during the 1970's and 1980's and their negative environmental impact, extent to which population dynamics are responsible for environmental degradation, and impact of Structural Adjustment Policies on environmental degradation. Subsequent chapters present specific and local studies on response of non-governmental organizations to the ecological crisis, food security and environmental degradation, contribution of socio-cultural factors to famine and drought, human and physical factors that accelerate soil erosion, farm size-land productivity issues in agricultural development, technology transfer and environmental conservation, sustainability of forest resources, agricultural extension, impacts of drought, and consequences of apartheid land policies on rural underdevelopment and environmental degradation. The papers are titled: "Sustainable development in Africa in the 1990s and beyond: Meeting the challenge", "Population dynamics and the environment", "Adjustment programmes and the environment in sub- Saharan Africa: Some exploratory results", "The response of non-governmental organizations to the ecological crisis in the South with special reference to East Africa", "Poverty alleviation and' food security in Tanzania: An environmental perspective", "Drought ~d famine in eastern Sudan: The socio-cultural dimension", "Soil erosion and conservation techniques for sustainable crop production in Zimbabwe", "The promotion of small farms in Swaziland: A sound agrarian policy, friendly to the environment", "The impact of agricultural technology on sustainable land resource utilization in Africa: The case of semi-arid Tanzania", "Sustainability of forests in Kenya: Emerging issues", "Agricultural extension policy in Malawi: Past experience and future directions", "The impact of the 1991/92 drought in Zambia", and "Restoring the land: Environment and change in a non-racial, democratic South Africa".

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