This is one of OSSREA’s research projects that focus on critical issues currently exerting a substantial drag on the social and economic development of the continent.


  •     Elaborate the post-conflict situation and propose the process of reconstruction vis-à-vis different classes of societies in each country;
  •     Identify the terms and settlements needed to ensure a peaceful continuity of the recovery and development process; and
  •     Identify the kind of programs needed in each country to rehabilitate the repatriated groups, including settlement areas, required assistance, and potential actors in the recovery and development process.



  • To review the current status of pastoralists in the Horn of Africa;
  • To review the various development interventions and research focus areas;
  • To review studies on post-drought recovery strategies;
  • To identify further research and policy implications on post-drought recovery strategies in the Horn of Africa.



  • To estimate the current extent of cross-border trade in the Horn; 
  • To identify the role (if any) of cross-border trade in enhancing food security and regional comparative advantage in the border sites;
  • To identify the informal and formal financial arrangements for cross-border trade (especially in livestock) and in what ways cross-border trade generates capital for other activities;
  • To understand how different actors (traders, middlemen, sellers) in the marketing chain manage risks associated with imperfect information, limited credit, unstable market and political conditions, and high and volatile transport costs;
  • To know in what ways social/non-economic variables (informal social networks, ethnicity, and other variables) help actors cope with uncertainty and risk; and
  • To identify the major policy and other constraints inhibiting cross-border trade in the region.


The Dryland Husbandry Project (DHP) - was initiated in response to the problems of severe drought, famine, deteriorating socio-economic conditions, land degradation, and inappropriate pastoral development policies that contributed to declining standards of living among pastoralists and agro-pastoralists. People in the Horn of Africa lost their resilience to short- as well as long-term natural disasters. Inter- and intra-state conflicts and civil wars have also disrupted agricultural and livestock production. Vast number of displaced people and refugees are distributed across Inter-Governmental Authority in Development (IGAD) member state.


OSSREA Strategic Plan 2016 - 2020

The OSSREA 2016 - 2020 Strategic Plan is a blue print that guides the activities of the Secretariat and its National Chapters for the period 2016 to 2020. Download the PDF version and be informed about the planned intervention areas.

OSSREA Annual Reports

OSSREA publishes and freely disseminates the status of all its current activities regarding research, capacity development, publication, dissemination, financial and administration in an annual report form. The annual reports are avialable for download in PDF format.

OSSREA Catalogue

The OSSREA catalogue which is updated yearly contains short information about the publications of OSSREA. The PDF version of the catalogue is freely available for download. Download now the 2013 Catalogue to find out more about the publications of OSSREA.

OSSREA Contact Details

Addis Ababa University
Main Campus at Sidist Kilo 31971
Addis Ababa

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Tel: +251-1-11239484
Fax: +251-1-11223921



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OSSREA Development Partners

OSSREA acknowledges and highly values and appreciates the continuous support it receives, through out its decades of existence, from the following development partners:


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